- Distinguishing characteristics: Females are dark green on their back with 12-15 bars. Males are olive colored on top with a yellow belly and spots. In the picture above, the top fish is a female and the bottom fish is a male.
In the Wild
- Habitat: Found in coastal waters and rivers. Often found in marshes. Can tolerate large temperature and salinity ranges.
- Diet: Crustaceans, worms, insects, fish
- Predators: Many predatory fish.
- Size: Up to about 5 inches long.
- Breeding: Mummichogs mature at 1 year and breed during spring tides in the spring and summer. Female can have 460-800 eggs.
- Life Span: 3 years
In the Aquatics Lab
- Diet: brine shrimp and/or small pieces of squid
- Size: 2-4 inches long
- Quantity: 20+
- Virginia Regulations: none
- Commercial Uses: Mummichogs are sold and used as bait.
Murdy, E.O., and J.A. Musick. Field Guide to Fishes of the Chespeake Bay. 2013. The Johns Hopkins University Press. Baltimore, MD.